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J2EE and “sane” Application Deployment

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As I have been delving deeper into the J2EE Servlet specification during the rewrite of REMITT, I have been learning some very interesting, and sometimes very painful, lessons about trying to package something without requiring complicated installations.

To get authentication working in Tomcat, the normal way is to define a Context and Realm in TOMCAT_HOME/conf/server.xml. A relatively undocumented file called META-INF/context.xml allows fragments to be distributed with war files. This would be a great solution if it didn’t mean that authentication was now deeply dependent on editing a file in the web archive, which kind of takes the advantage completely out of having one. D’oh!

Next up was the idea of using JAAS, which is a way of setting all of the security information in a single configuration file, and using a custom security module. Which would work very well, if I wanted to pre-extract the war file and pass an archaic system property file through JAVA_OPTS. This seems, again, too difficult to make any sort of sense.

I eventually found a solution by creating my own Filter and LoginModule, then setting the system property for the JAAS configuration manually in the init() portion of the Filter. A little filter and realm information in WEB-INF/web.xml, and everything seems to work somehow. I understand that the Servlet guys wanted to make sure that the J2EE server context and app context were at two different levels (hence the reason a DataSource in META-INF/context.xml or tomcat’s conf/server.xml isn’t writeable at all), but it makes it a mess for clean deployment.

As it stands now, I can run the server with an override file like like:
JAVA_OPTS="-Dproperties=/my/remitt.properties" ./bin/catalina.sh start

And I think that’s worth the hassle to set up, since it makes deployment a breeze.

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